Peer-reviewed Research to Help You Make an Empowered Decision
Welcome to the Evolve Expert Library. Drawing heavily from medical literature, this section aims to provide you a deeper and more technical understanding of obesity and weight loss surgery. It’s just one more way we help our patients make as informed a decision about their healthcare as possible.
At Evolve, we know obesity is a disease which affects millions of Americans. Like many other diseases, obesity leads to additional conditions beyond just weight gain. To make you aware of these, we are devoting this section to exploring “Obesity Complications.” Some of these complications do not make for pleasant reading, but it is better that you understand the risks of obesity now rather than later.
There is good news, however. Just as obesity causes a number of health conditions, weight loss surgery has been shown to greatly diminish, reverse, or even eliminate many of them. If you have a Body Mass Index (BMI) of 30 or over, have failed at attempts to regulate your weight through diet and exercise, and have experienced any of the obesity complications listed in this series, we encourage you to call Evolve at 888.575.4526.
Type 2 diabetes is both a product of and a producer of obesity. The chances of developing diabetes are thought to increase with the extra amount of weight a person carries, but the disease is commonly eradicated after weight loss surgery. read more
Obesity is thought to be responsible for more than 40% of all endometrial cancers. Find out why and how you can reduce your risk. read more
Obese people are at a higher risk of developing gallstones, but the condition may be eradicated quickly if drastic weight loss occurs. read more
Symptoms of gout are painful and debilitating, but there is a way to prevent this disease. read more
Liver cancer is the sixth most common form of cancer worldwide. Because obesity has now been established as a causal factor of liver problems, physicians may now begin using a high BMI as a predictive tool. read more
If you are obese, you may be at risk of developing acute pancreatitis, which can be very painful and debilitating. If you are overweight and consume too much alcohol, your risk of developing both acute and chronic pancreatitis is elevated. read more
Learn about the link between sleep apnea and obesity, and how weight loss surgery could decrease the risk of this disease by eradicating it completely. read more
Obesity is to blame for 23% of ischemic strokes worldwide. read more
At Evolve, we believe in practicing and supporting evidence-based medicine, so we keep up with the clinical literature surrounding both obesity and obesity treatments. A vast and growing number of peer-reviewed, scientific studies has examined obesity from many angles – causes, co-factors, and treatments, to name a few. Some studies directly compare treatment methods, others concentrate on understanding the mechanisms of one particular method or condition, and others present unique cases that might inform the direction of future research.
For those who would like to peruse the medical literature as physicians see it, we are compiling a list of important studies here. Each listing includes the scientific citation (the name of the author, the title, and publication data), a brief synopsis of the key questions and conclusions of the research, and a link to the full study or an abstract of the study, whichever is available online.
Gloy VL. Bariatric surgery versus non-surgical treatment for obesity: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. BMJ 2013;347:f5934
Meta-analysis on the overall effects of bariatric surgery compares with non-surgical obesity treatment. Conclusions: Compared with non-surgical treatment of obesity two years post-operation, weight-loss surgery leads to greater body weight loss and higher remission rates of type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome. read more
Henry Buchwald, MD, et al. Bariatric Surgery: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. JAMA. 2004;292(14):1724-1737. doi:10.1001/jama.292.14.1724.
Meta-analysis on various forms of weight-loss surgery in and their effects on percentage of excess weight lost and other co-factors. Conclusions: “Effective weight loss was achieved in morbidly obese patients after undergoing bariatric surgery. A substantial majority of patients with diabetes, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, and obstructive sleep apnea experienced complete resolution or improvement.” Individual variables showed complete resolution of diabetes in 76.8% of patients; resolution of hypertension in 61.7% of patients; improvement of hyperlipidemia in 70% or more of patients; and resolution of sleep apnea in 85.7% of patients. read more